In the Harvard Business Review article "Women Rising: The Unseen Barriers" (Registration required, paywall may exist), the authors explain that "Most women are unaware of having personally been victims of gender discrimination and deny it even when it is objectively true and they see that women in general experience it."
In my short class this spring, we discussed seven forms of power. Over the discussions, I asked my classmates to tell me where women stand on examples of those seven forms of power. Rather than answer the question, they spent two days arguing that a problem does not exist, because they could point to specific women who had achieved power.
Ignoring it works for them, because they are not affected by the problem. I do not have that luxury. One cannot solve a problem one does not acknowledge.
I answered my own questions:
- Expert power – 2012 doctorate degrees awarded[i]:
- Reward power
- Coercive power - Women make up less than 25% of most US reserve forces, less than 20% of active duty personnel, and the percentage decreases for Flag/general officers.
- Legitimate power
- Referent power - This is subjective.
- Informational power – Computer Scientist statistics:
- Personal power – This is subjective.